Willem M. Floor, “The Rise and Fall of Mirza Taqi, the Eunuch Grand Vizier (1043-55/1633-45) Makhdūm al-Omarā va Khādem al-Foqarā,” Studia Iranica 26, 1997, pp. Abbas was born on December 20, 1633 in the Safavid capital of Isfahan. D. de Jongh 166, 23 May 1642). Riazul Islam, Indo-Persian Relations: A Study of the Political and Diplomatic Relations between the Mughul Empire and Iran, Tehran, 1970. ©2021 Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Shah Abbas | Federal Capial &AJK, Pakistan | O&M Operation and Maintenance Engineer-Electrical | 313 connections | View Shah's homepage, profile, activity, articles 258 ff. The reverse gives the Islamic profession of faith, the … Saru Taqi tried to end corruption. Shah ʿAbbās had two sons, Ṣafi Mirzā and Ḥamza Mirzā, the younger one. Qom. 91, 141). 173010105, citing Fatima Masumeh Shrine, Qom, Qom, Iran ; Maintained by letemrip (contributor 49084452) . Traveling via Mashad, Herat, and Bost the Iranians laid siege to Kandahar in January 1649 and, after a brief siege, took the city on 11 February 1649. The Kandahar expedition showed up the weak state of the Safavid army and the woeful lack of money resulting from underlying economic problems. Ông là vị quân vương thứ 7 của triều đại Safavid. Shah Abbas II (born 31 December 1632;[2] died 25/26 October 1666) was Shah of Iran from 1642 to 1666. In the years of Ḵalifa Solṭān’s tenure as grand vizier (1055-64/1645-54), the reappearance of external threats, and especially the need for support from the country’s Turkish tribal elements in the war over Kandahar, temporarily stalled the conversion of state land. Hotel Shah Abbas Srinagar Official Website. Laurence Lockhart, The Fall of the Ṣafavī Dynasty and the Afghan Occupation of Persia, Cambridge, 1958. Idem, The Persian Gulf: A Political and Economic History of Five Port Cities, 1500-1730, Washington, D.C., 2006. Gel. He was the son of Shah Safi I and a Circassian, Anna Khanum. The most noteworthy domestic event of his reign is a rebellion among the Baḵtiāri (q.v.) 576-79, provides an eyewitness account of the shah’s festive entry into Isfahan). 173-91). Ismāʿīl’s successor, Ṭahmāsp I (reigned 1524–76), encouraged carpet weaving on the scale of a state industry. Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Les six voyages de Jean Baptiste Tavernier en Turquie, en Perse, et aux Indes, 2 vols. Shah Abbas was king during the ____ century. 42 il Səfəvi dövlətini idarə etmiş şah I Abbas (1587-1629) dövlətin Şah İsmayıldan sonra itirilmiş qüdrətini bərpa etdi. 397-98, 512-14). 512; Waḥid Qazvini, p. 556). Under his rule, Iran became notable for its efficient justice system, remarkable architecture, and centralized authority over disputing tribal factions. In the first years of the shah’s reign the court was effectively ruled by a cabal consisting of Shah Ṣafi’s mother, Anna Ḵanom, grand vizier Mirzā Moḥammad “Sāru” (blond) Taqi, and the qurči-bāši, Jāni Khan (NA, VOC 1141, 20 August 1642, fol. Begun under Shah Ṭahmāsb (r. 930-84/1524-76) and greatly accelerated by Shah ʿAbbās I (r. 996-1038/1588-1629), the conversion of state lands to crown land culminated under Shah ʿAbbās II, reflecting a growing sense of military security, which was reinforced when the Safavids made peace with the Ottomans in 1639. Rula Jurdi Abisaab, Converting Persia: Religion and Power in the Safavid Empire, London and New York, 2004. For much of this period, most of the shah’s executive duties were performed by the forceful and energetic Moḥammad Beg. He was buried in Qom (NA, VOC 1255, fol. Fils du chah Séfi, petit-fils d'Abbas I er, il succéda à son père le 15 mai 1642 [2], à l'âge de 15 ans. 398-99). and ed, Collection d’historiens arméniens, 2 vols., St. Petersburg, 1874-76. Idem, "Between Arabs, Turks and Iranians: The Town of Basra, 1600-1700," BSOAS 69, 2006, pp. Abbas the Great or Abbas I of Persia (Persian: شاه عباس بزرگ ‎; 27 January 1571 – 19 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid Shah (king) of Iran, and is generally considered as one of the greatest rulers of Persian history and the Safavid dynasty.He was the third son of Shah Mohammad Khodabanda.. 108-10). Abbas II (Abbas Hilmi) (äbäs` hĭl`mĭ, ăbäs`, ăb`əs), 1874–1944, last khedive of Egypt (1892–1914); son and successor of Tewfik Pasha Tewfik Pasha (Muhammad Tewfik) , 1852–92, khedive of Egypt (1879–92). Shah Abbas had an eye for what? Bold strike and well-centered! This led to the destruction of a number of Russian-built fortresses on the banks of the Qarya Su (Wāleh Eṣfahāni, pp. Uzbek incursions, a perennial problem, continued as well, intensifying in 1649-50 and flaring up again in 1652, 1656, and 1664-66. He showed unusual religious tolerance, granting privileges to many Christian groups. Shah ʿAbbās II’s foreign policy was marked by caution and calculation. Contemporary Christian sources stress his friendly attitude toward his Christian subjects (Arakel, p. 534; Brosset, II, p. 80; Chardin, IX, pp. Since he was less than ten years old when he became shah, the job of governing Persia was given to the grand vizier Saru Taqi. Gel. His two main grand viziers, Ḵalifa Solṭān and Moḥammad Beg (q.v., in office 106-71/1654-61), actively sought to stem the outflow of money to India via the Persian Gulf ports by prohibiting the export of specie. On 15 May 1642, at Kashan, Muhammad Mirza was crowned as shah of Iran and chose "Abbas II" as his dynastic name. Engelbert Kaempfer, Am Hofe des persischen Grosskönigs 1684-1685, tr. 5 vols. R. K. Kiknadze and V. S. Puturidze, Tbilisi, 1990. Shah ʿAbbās sought to keep the tribal periphery quiet and loyal by allowing rebels to return to the Safavid fold and by giving them a stake in the system. Book your stay now! Find the perfect shah abbas ii stock photo. He thus co-opted the Lezghis of Daghestan, granting them an annual stipend in return for a pledge to halt their incursions (Doury Efendy, p. 34; Picault, I, p. 180). The expedition to Kandahar, which had been lost to the Mughals under Shah Ṣafi I, counts as Shah ʿAbbās II’s main military venture and as the last significant military campaign of the Safavids. Biographie. In the midst of general anarchy in Persia, he was proclaimed ruler of Khorasan in 1581, and obtained possession of the Pe… 10 1/2 in by 7 ½ in. 53-78. Chardin recounts the rumor that the shah might have been poisoned but thought it more plausible that he died from a neglected venereal disease (Chardin, IX, pp. Alternative dates are given as Friday 18 Jomādā II 1043/December 1632 and Monday 4 Rajab 1042/15 January 1633 (Malcolm, I, p. 577, referring to the Zobdat al-tawāriḵ; Luft, p. 153; Wāleh Eṣfahāni, p. 153). (persisch شاه عباس دوم [ʃɑh æˈbbɑːs ɛ dovom]; * 20.Dezember 1633; † 25. In the later 1060s/1650s, a period of relative peace coinciding with mounting financial problems, the practice was resumed under the auspices of the newly appointed grand vizier Moḥammad Beg. Rudi Matthee, “'Abbas II,” Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition, 2014, available at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/abbas-ii-2013 (accessed on 24 January 2014). 7656, British Library, London; ed. EF Niccolò Manucci, Storia do Mogor or Mugul India 1653-1708, tr. ). He remained in office until his death in 1064/1654. In 1065/1655 the shah instituted a semi-weekly session (majles) for the purpose of rendering public justice; and during his reign it was still possible for commoners to grab the reins of his horse and hand him petitions (NA, VOC 1208, 12 April 1655, fol. 445 ff. Il conquiert Kandahar sur l'empereur moghol, il était bienveillant à l’egard des voyageurs français Chardin et Tavernier, tolérant envers les chretiens.Il meurt en 1666, après un règne moins glorieux, mais moins sanguinaire que celui de son aïeul. ; Waliqoli Šāmlu, fols. He was also known as Shah Abbas the Great(شاه عباس بزرگ). Born Soltan Mohammad Mirza, he was the eldest son of Safi I with his Circassian wife, Anna Khanum. "Between Arabs, Turks and Iranians: The Town of Basra, 1600-1700,". Soṭān-al-ʿOlamāʾ Ḵalifa Solṭān (q.v.) Paul Luft, “Iran unter Schāh `Abbās II (1642-1666),” Ph. More serious efforts had to wait until the moment, in 1045/1635, when Shah ʿAbbās took full control of statecraft. 43-44). 251-53). 37, 122; Matthee, 2012, pp. Shah Abbas II Safavi.jpg 442 × 542; 113 KB Shah abbas ii Sahand Ace.jpg 415 × 731; 58 KB Shah Abbas II, 1663, Aga Khan trust of culture.PNG 421 × 947; 985 KB In 1066/1656 the Kalmyks raided Astarabad/Estrābād. John Malcolm, The History of Persia from the Early Period to the Present Time, 2 vols., London, 1815. 569-70, 582; Chardin, X, pp. Both have been making waves on social media as well with their performances in recent hit dramas. The transition was peaceful, and the newly crowned ruler, apparently desirous to maintain the prevailing stability, confirmed all existing appointments upon his accession and handed out robes of honor (ḵalʿat) to all incumbent officeholders (NA, Coll. The most important manifestation of the shah’s efforts to increase the flow of revenue to the center is the expansion of crown (ḵāṣṣa) land. Shah Abbas II Tomb. 156-57). 125-42. Abbas II of Persia. In the summer of 1058/1648, an army of some 50,000 headed east. Shah ʿAbbās took effective power in 1055/late 1645 by ridding himself of Mirzā “Sāru” Taqi and Jāni Khan, using Jāni Khan to remove his octogenarian, exceedingly powerful grand vizier, and then turning on Jāni Khan (Floor, 1997, pp. He became Shah of Iran in early 1581 in a revolt against his father, Mohammad of Safavid, who was imprisoned. Faced with pressure from different sides, Shah ʿAbbās II may well have chosen to give in to hard-line arguments and requests for reasons of expediency, more particularly to appease his clerics, some of whom engaged in criticism of the shah’s own unholy life style. Choose from 14 different sets of shah abbas flashcards on Quizlet. and tr. 86-94; Matthee, Floor, and Clawson, chap. He was the seventh Shah of the Safavid Dynasty.He was the son of Shah Safi I and a Circassian, Anna Khanum. 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The reign of Shah 'Abbas II ( 1642-1666 ), the History of Five Port Cities, 1500-1730,,!, Paris, 1810, 2005 accession, came to naught jean-baptiste Tavernier, Les six Voyages jean... Hofe des persischen Grosskönigs 1684-1685, tr known as Shah Abbas II of Shah. The Early period to the ʿĀli Qāpu ( q.v. ) Mirza until he became Shah of Iran the! The Mughul Empire and Iran, Tehran, 1970 in Early Modern Iran, Cambridge, 1958 of! Like feedback about your tag, Relation de Dourry Efendy, ambassadeur de la Otomane! The scale of his great-grandfather turbulent were conditions in Khorasan on the northeastern frontier until... Rm images New York, 2004 pieces in the museum are on loan from Iran rula Jurdi Abisaab, Persia! Actor Imran Abbas and Alizeh Shah are two of the Shah was baptized on his deathbed ( Krusinksi,,. An inflammation of the Qarya Su ( Wāleh Eṣfahāni, pp of making their pay.